Journal of Molecular Diagnosis and Vaccines

The official journal of the Molecular Immunology Unit (MIU), Al-Azhar University



Nabila A. El-Sheikh, MD, PhD

Faculty of Medicine for Girls,

Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt e-mail:



Abdel-Rahman B. Abdel-Ghaffar, MSc

Faculty of Science,

Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt e-mail:


Instructions to authors

  1. Please provide a cover letter with your submission. In this cover letter please specify the corresponding author as well as a telephone and facsimile number.
  2. Manuscripts should be sent to “Editor-in-Chief, Molecular Immunology Unit, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Yousef Abbas street, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt”. The order of appearance of material in all manuscripts should be as follows: Title page, abstract, text, references, tables, legends for figures.
  3. Submit a floppy disk and two copies of your manuscript (original plus one copy), each with a complete set of original illustrations. All illustrators must be scanned and must be included in the disk.
  4. References in the text must be cited by names (not by numbers).
  5. References at the end of the paper must be arranged in alphabetical order.
  6. Reference must follow the format established by the “Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” (see examples in Instruction to Authors).
  7. Provide a figure legend for each figure. Figure legends must be on a separate page at end of manuscript.

Title page: Each manuscript should have a title page that includes a title of not more than two printed lines (160 letters and spaces); the names and affiliations of the authors; a running head of not more than 45 letters and spaces; and footnotes indicating sources of financial support, changes of address, and the name and address of the person to whom requests for reprints should be sent. Acknowledgments of persons who assisted the authors should be included on the page preceding the references.

Abstract: The second page must contain an abstract of not more than 150 words. The abstract for a review or historical article should be a summary of the salient data, ideas, and conclusions presented in the text. The abstract for a research report should indicate the purpose of the research, the methods used, the results (with specific data given, if possible), and the conclusions. No references should be cited in the abstract. For lengthy review articles, a table of contents may be supplied by the author or its addition suggested by the editors.

Introduction: The introduction should supply sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic. The introduction should also provide the rationale for the present study. Choose references carefully to provide the most salient background rather than and exhaustive review of the topic.

Material and Methods: The Material and Methods section must include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. The sources of all media and reagents (i.e., name and location of manufacturer) must be provided.

Results: Present the results as concisely as possible in one of the following: text, table(s) or figure(s). Avoid extensive use of graphs to present data which might be more concisely presented in the text or tables. All tabular data must be accompanied by either standard deviation values or standard error of the means. The statistical procedure used should be stated in Materials and Methods. Limit illustrations (particularly photomicrographs and electron micrographs) to those that are absolutely necessary to show the experimental findings.

Discussion: The discussion section should provide an evaluation of the results in relation to previously published work. Avoid extensive repetition of the results section or reiteration of the introduction.

References: The author is responsible for ensuring that the information in the reference list is accurate. References must be typed double-spaced. Only works that have been published or accepted for publication should be listed as references. Unpublished observations by the authors and personal communications should appear as parenthetical expressions in the text. References are numbered in alphabetical order. References must follow the format of the National Library of Medicine as used in Index Medicine and “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (Ann Inter Med 1982; 96: 766-70). Provide all authors’ or editors’ names except when they number seven or more, in which case list the first three names and add et al. Titles of journals not listed in the Inidex Medicus should be spelled out in full. Reference to a doctoral dissertation should include author, title, institution, location, year, and publication information, if published. Examples of formats used are given below:

  1. Kryger P, Pedersen NS, Mathiesen L, Nielsen JO (1982). Increased risk of infection with hepatitis A and B viruses in men with a history of syphilis: relation to sexual contacts. J Infect Dis; 145:23.
  2. Reynolds DW, Stagno S, Alford CA. Laboratory diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infections. In: Lennette EH, Schri NJ, eds. Viral, rickettsial and clilamydial infections. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association 1979; 339.
  3. Anderson LJ, Wuikier WG, Baer GM. The Centers for Disease Control’s experience with a human rabies vaccine [abstract no. 475]. In: Program and abstract of the 19th International Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology, 1979:109.

Statistical analysis: The tests used in statistical analysis should be identified both in the text and in any tables and figures where the results of statistical comparisons are shown.

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